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国家认监委关于实施《检验检测机构资质认定管理办法》的若干意见

发布人:admin  发布时间:2019-06-18  浏览次数:443

  各(ge)省、自治区(qu)、直辖市质量技术监督局(市场(chang)监督管(guan)理部门),各(ge)直属检验检疫局,各(ge)国(guo)家(jia)资(zi)质认(ren)定(计量认(ren)证(zheng))行业评审(shen)组,中(zhong)国(guo)合格评定国(guo)家(jia)认(ren)可中(zhong)心:


  《检验(yan)检测机(ji)(ji)构资质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)(ding)管(guan)理(li)办法》(质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)检总局令第163号,以下简称《办法》)已(yi)于2015年4月(yue)(yue)9日公布,自2015年8月(yue)(yue)1日施(shi)行。为贯彻实(shi)施(shi)该《办法》,落实(shi)国(guo)务院、国(guo)家质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)检总局有(you)关深化检验(yan)检测机(ji)(ji)构资质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)许可改革(ge)要求,切实(shi)履(lv)行检验(yan)检测机(ji)(ji)构资质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)(ding)与监管(guan)工(gong)作职责,进(jin)一步简政(zheng)放(fang)权,营造公平竞争、有(you)序开放(fang)的检验(yan)检测市场环境,推动检验(yan)检测高(gao)技术现代服务业做(zuo)强(qiang)做(zuo)大、健康(kang)发展(zhan),保证(zheng)检验(yan)检测机(ji)(ji)构资质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)(ding)各项改革(ge)措施(shi)顺利到位,现提出以下意见,请(qing)各单(dan)位结合本地区实(shi)际情况贯彻执行。


  一、关于检验检测机构资质(zhi)认定实施范围(wei)


  按照“法(fa)无授权不可(ke)为(wei)”的(de)(de)法(fa)治(zhi)原则,依照《计量(liang)法(fa)》及(ji)其(qi)实(shi)施细则、《认(ren)证(zheng)(zheng)认(ren)可(ke)条例(li)》等有关法(fa)律、行政(zheng)法(fa)规的(de)(de)规定(ding),向社会出具具有证(zheng)(zheng)明作用的(de)(de)数据和(he)结果的(de)(de)检验检测机构,应当依法(fa)经国家认(ren)证(zheng)(zheng)认(ren)可(ke)监督管(guan)理部门(以下简称国家认(ren)监委)或者(zhe)各(ge)省(sheng)、自治(zhi)区、直辖市(shi)人(ren)民(min)政(zheng)府质(zhi)量(liang)技(ji)术(shu)监督部门(市(shi)场监督管(guan)理部门)(以下简称省(sheng)级资质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)部门)资质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)(计量(liang)认(ren)证(zheng)(zheng))。


  二、关于(yu)检(jian)验检(jian)测机构主体准(zhun)入条件(jian)


  (一)凡是依法(fa)(fa)设立(li)的(de)法(fa)(fa)人和(he)其他组(zu)织(zhi),其依法(fa)(fa)注册、登记(ji)的(de)经营范围(wei)或者(zhe)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)务范围(wei)包括检(jian)验检(jian)测,并(bing)且能够(gou)独立(li)、公(gong)正从业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)的(de),均(jun)可申(shen)请检(jian)验检(jian)测机构资质(zhi)认(ren)定。其他组(zu)织(zhi)包括:依法(fa)(fa)取得工商行政机关颁发的(de)《营业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)执照》的(de)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)法(fa)(fa)人分(fen)支机构、特殊普通(tong)合伙(huo)企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)、民政部门登记(ji)的(de)民办非企(qi)业(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)(ye)单位(法(fa)(fa)人)等符合法(fa)(fa)律法(fa)(fa)规规定的(de)机构。


  (二)若检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)是(shi)机(ji)关或者事业单位的内设机(ji)构(gou),不具备法人资格,可(ke)由其(qi)法人授(shou)权,申请(qing)检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资质认定。其(qi)对(dui)外出具的检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测报(bao)告或者证书(shu)的法律责任由其(qi)所在法人单位承担,并予(yu)以明示。


  (三(san))生产企业内(nei)部的(de)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机构(gou)不在检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机构(gou)资(zi)质认定范围之内(nei)。生产企业出资(zi)设立(li)的(de)具有法(fa)人资(zi)格的(de)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机构(gou)可以申请检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机构(gou)资(zi)质认定,应当遵循检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机构(gou)客观独(du)立(li)、公正公开、诚实守信的(de)相(xiang)关从业规定。


  (四)取消“在(zai)华设立(li)外资检验(yan)检测(ce)机构的(de)外方投资者,需(xu)要具有3年以上检验(yan)检测(ce)从业经历(li)”的(de)准入规定。


  三、关于调整有关检验检测机(ji)构资质、资格许可(ke)权限


  (一)国家认(ren)(ren)监(jian)委(wei)不再(zai)对各省(sheng)、自治区、直辖(xia)市、副省(sheng)级(ji)城市、计划(hua)单(dan)列市的质(zhi)检院(所)以及省(sheng)级(ji)纤维检验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)机(ji)构(gou)(gou)实(shi)(shi)施验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)收许(xu)可工作,交由(you)省(sheng)级(ji)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)部门负责(ze)管(guan)理,上述机(ji)构(gou)(gou)首次(ci)申请、复(fu)查换证(zheng)(zheng)、变更(geng)(含扩项)等事项均由(you)省(sheng)级(ji)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)部门负责(ze)实(shi)(shi)施。省(sheng)级(ji)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)部门对相关检验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检测(ce)机(ji)构(gou)(gou)的验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)收和(he)授权工作与检验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)检测(ce)机(ji)构(gou)(gou)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)合(he)并实(shi)(shi)施,但沿用(yong)颁发(fa)有效期为3年(nian)的验(yan)(yan)(yan)(yan)收或者授权证(zheng)(zheng)书,自2015年(nian)8月1日(ri)起执行(xing)。


  (二)国家认监委不再对省级纤维检验机(ji)构实(shi)施检验检测机(ji)构资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认定,交(jiao)由省级资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认定部(bu)门负责(ze)管(guan)理,上述机(ji)构首次申请、复查(cha)换证、变更(geng)(含扩项)等事项均(jun)由省级资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认定部(bu)门负责(ze)实(shi)施,自2015年 8月1日(ri)起执行(xing)。


  四、关于(yu)检验检测机构资(zi)质认定分级实施(shi)


  (一)国家(jia)认(ren)(ren)监委负责国务(wu)院(yuan)有关(guan)(guan)部门(men)以及相关(guan)(guan)行(xing)业(ye)主管(guan)部门(men)依法设立的检(jian)验检(jian)测机(ji)(ji)构资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定工作,包括四类机(ji)(ji)构:一是(shi)经国家(jia)事业(ye)单位(wei)登(deng)(deng)(deng)记(ji)管(guan)理(li)局登(deng)(deng)(deng)记(ji)的事业(ye)单位(wei)法人(ren);二(er)是(shi)经国家(jia)工商(shang)总局登(deng)(deng)(deng)记(ji)注(zhu)册或者核准名称(cheng)的企(qi)业(ye)法人(ren);三是(shi)国务(wu)院(yuan)有关(guan)(guan)部门(men)以及相关(guan)(guan)行(xing)业(ye)主管(guan)部门(men)直(zhi)属管(guan)辖的机(ji)(ji)构;四是(shi)国务(wu)院(yuan)有关(guan)(guan)部门(men)、相关(guan)(guan)行(xing)业(ye)主管(guan)部门(men)、相关(guan)(guan)行(xing)业(ye)协会根据需要,与国家(jia)认(ren)(ren)监委共同确(que)定纳入(ru)国家(jia)级资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定管(guan)理(li)范围(wei)的机(ji)(ji)构。 


  省级资质(zhi)认(ren)定部(bu)门负责本(ben)行政区域内依法设(she)立的(de)检(jian)验(yan)检(jian)测机构的(de)资质(zhi)认(ren)定工作。


  (二(er))检验(yan)(yan)检测(ce)机构(gou)(gou)根(gen)据业务(wu)发(fa)展需(xu)要,在异地依法设(she)立的(de)分支(zhi)机构(gou)(gou)(含分公司(si)、子公司(si)等),应当(dang)向分支(zhi)机构(gou)(gou)所在地省级(ji)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定部门申(shen)请检验(yan)(yan)检测(ce)机构(gou)(gou)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定。纳入(ru)国(guo)(guo)家认(ren)(ren)监(jian)委(wei)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定管理范围的(de)检验(yan)(yan)检测(ce)机构(gou)(gou),在异地依法设(she)立的(de)分支(zhi)机构(gou)(gou)与总部实行统一管理体(ti)系的(de),可以向国(guo)(guo)家认(ren)(ren)监(jian)委(wei)申(shen)请检验(yan)(yan)检测(ce)机构(gou)(gou)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定。


  五、关于检验检测机构资质认定的技术(shu)评审


  (一)国家认(ren)(ren)监(jian)委(wei)和(he)(he)省级资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)部(bu)(bu)门(以(yi)下(xia)统称资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)部(bu)(bu)门)应当(dang)按照(zhao)《检验(yan)检测(ce)(ce)机(ji)构资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)准(zhun)则》、评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)补充(chong)要求和(he)(he)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)程序规定(ding)实施(shi)技(ji)术评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen),确定(ding)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)关键控制点,加强对检验(yan)检测(ce)(ce)机(ji)构技(ji)术和(he)(he)管理能力(li)核查(cha),简化文件审(shen)(shen)(shen)查(cha)。各直属出(chu)入境检验(yan)检疫局协助国家认(ren)(ren)监(jian)委(wei)实施(shi)所属检验(yan)检测(ce)(ce)机(ji)构的技(ji)术评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)。《检验(yan)检测(ce)(ce)机(ji)构资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)准(zhun)则》于2016年1月(yue)1日正式(shi)实施(shi),在正式(shi)实施(shi)之前(qian),原《实验(yan)室资(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)(ren)定(ding)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)(shen)(shen)准(zhun)则》依然适用。


  (二)资(zi)质认定(ding)(ding)部门(men)应(ying)当自(zi)受理(li)申(shen)请之(zhi)日(ri)起,45个工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)日(ri)内完成技术(shu)(shu)(shu)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),由(you)于申(shen)请人自(zi)身原因,无法在规定(ding)(ding)时限内完成的除外(wai)。资(zi)质认定(ding)(ding)部门(men)委托专业技术(shu)(shu)(shu)机(ji)构组织实施技术(shu)(shu)(shu)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)工(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)的,应(ying)当与被委托机(ji)构签订委托协议,并对(dui)其(qi)实施有效监(jian)督(du),保证技术(shu)(shu)(shu)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)活动(dong)公(gong)正、客观。被委托机(ji)构不得利(li)(li)用技术(shu)(shu)(shu)评(ping)(ping)审(shen)增加申(shen)请人负担、谋取(qu)不当利(li)(li)益。


  (三)资质认定部门应当(dang)根据(ju)检验检测机(ji)构(gou)的申请事项、自我声明和分类监管情况,确定复查换证评(ping)(ping)审(shen)方式,减少不必要的现场评(ping)(ping)审(shen);对检验检测机(ji)构(gou)依法设立的分支机(ji)构(gou),可以根据(ju)具体情况简化文件审(shen)查、减少现场评(ping)(ping)审(shen)内容,采信相关评(ping)(ping)价结果,避免重复评(ping)(ping)审(shen)。


  六(liu)、关于检(jian)验检(jian)测机(ji)构资质认定证书有效(xiao)期的衔接


  检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质认定(ding)证书(shu)(shu)有(you)(you)效(xiao)(xiao)期由(you)3年(nian)调整为(wei)6年(nian)。本次资(zi)质认定(ding)证书(shu)(shu)有(you)(you)效(xiao)(xiao)期调整为(wei)自然过渡(du),目前检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)持有(you)(you)的资(zi)质认定(ding)证书(shu)(shu),在有(you)(you)效(xiao)(xiao)期内仍然有(you)(you)效(xiao)(xiao),有(you)(you)效(xiao)(xiao)期届满前,按照规(gui)定(ding)申(shen)请复查换证。自2015年(nian)8月1日(ri)起(qi),统一颁发有(you)(you)效(xiao)(xiao)期为(wei)6年(nian)的检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质认定(ding)证书(shu)(shu)。


  七(qi)、关于(yu)检(jian)验(yan)检(jian)测(ce)人员的有关要求


  (一)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)授权(quan)签(qian)字人应当具有中级及(ji)(ji)以(yi)(yi)上技术职(zhi)称(cheng)或者同等能力,“博士(shi)研究(jiu)生毕业(ye),从事相关专(zhuan)业(ye)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测工作(zuo)(zuo)1年及(ji)(ji)以(yi)(yi)上;硕士(shi)研究(jiu)生毕业(ye),从事相关专(zhuan)业(ye)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测工作(zuo)(zuo)3年及(ji)(ji)以(yi)(yi)上;大学本科毕业(ye),从事相关专(zhuan)业(ye)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测工作(zuo)(zuo)5年及(ji)(ji)以(yi)(yi)上;大学专(zhuan)科毕业(ye),从事相关专(zhuan)业(ye)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测工作(zuo)(zuo)8年及(ji)(ji)以(yi)(yi)上”可(ke)视(shi)为具有同等能力。


  (二)食(shi)品(pin)(pin)检验(yan)机构(gou)授权签字(zi)人应当具(ju)(ju)有中级及(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang)技(ji)术职(zhi)称或者同(tong)等(deng)能(neng)力(li),“食(shi)品(pin)(pin)、生物、化学等(deng)专(zhuan)业(ye)博士研究生毕(bi)业(ye),从事(shi)食(shi)品(pin)(pin)检验(yan)工(gong)作(zuo)1年及(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang);食(shi)品(pin)(pin)、生物、化学等(deng)专(zhuan)业(ye)硕(shuo)士研究生毕(bi)业(ye),从事(shi)食(shi)品(pin)(pin)检验(yan)工(gong)作(zuo)3年及(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang);食(shi)品(pin)(pin)、生物、化学等(deng)专(zhuan)业(ye)大学本科毕(bi)业(ye),从事(shi)食(shi)品(pin)(pin)检验(yan)工(gong)作(zuo)5年及(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang);食(shi)品(pin)(pin)、生物、化学等(deng)专(zhuan)业(ye)大学专(zhuan)科毕(bi)业(ye),从事(shi)食(shi)品(pin)(pin)检验(yan)工(gong)作(zuo)8年及(ji)以(yi)(yi)上(shang)”可(ke)视为具(ju)(ju)有同(tong)等(deng)能(neng)力(li)。


  八、关于检验检测报告或(huo)者(zhe)证书的责(ze)任


  (一)取得检(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)测(ce)机构资(zi)质(zhi)认定的机构对(dui)其(qi)出具的检(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)测(ce)报告(gao)或者证书负责,并承担相(xiang)应(ying)法(fa)律责任。检(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)测(ce)机构因(yin)自身原因(yin)导致(zhi)检(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)测(ce)结果错(cuo)误、偏(pian)离或者其(qi)他后果的,应(ying)当自行(xing)承担相(xiang)应(ying)解释(shi)、召回(hui)或者赔(pei)偿责任。涉及违(wei)反(fan)相(xiang)关法(fa)律法(fa)规的,还(hai)应(ying)依(yi)法(fa)追究(jiu)其(qi)相(xiang)关法(fa)律责任。


  (二)检(jian)验检(jian)测(ce)(ce)机构应(ying)当(dang)在(zai)资质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)的能力范围内开展检(jian)验检(jian)测(ce)(ce)工作,不含检(jian)验检(jian)测(ce)(ce)方法的各(ge)类产品(pin)标(biao)准(zhun)(zhun)、限(xian)值标(biao)准(zhun)(zhun)可不列(lie)入检(jian)验检(jian)测(ce)(ce)机构资质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)的能力范围,但在(zai)出具(ju)检(jian)验检(jian)测(ce)(ce)报(bao)告(gao)或者证书时(shi)可作为(wei)判定(ding)依据(ju)使(shi)用。


  九、关于检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机构资质认定(ding)(ding)标志、检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测专用(yong)章的规定(ding)(ding)


  (一)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)在(zai)资质(zhi)认定(ding)证(zheng)书(shu)确定(ding)的能力范(fan)围(wei)内,对社会出具具有(you)证(zheng)明(ming)作用(yong)(yong)数(shu)据、结(jie)果(guo)时,应(ying)(ying)当(dang)标(biao)注检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)资质(zhi)认定(ding)标(biao)志,并加(jia)盖检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)专(zhuan)用(yong)(yong)章(zhang)。检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)资质(zhi)认定(ding)标(biao)志应(ying)(ying)按照(zhao)国家(jia)认监(jian)委有(you)关标(biao)志管(guan)(guan)理(li)的文件规(gui)(gui)定(ding),符合尺寸、比例、颜色(se)方面(mian)的要求,并准确、清晰标(biao)注证(zheng)书(shu)编(bian)号。检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)资质(zhi)认定(ding)标(biao)志加(jia)盖(或(huo)(huo)者印刷)在(zai)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)报告(gao)或(huo)(huo)者证(zheng)书(shu)封面(mian),颜色(se)建(jian)议为(wei)红(hong)色(se)、蓝色(se)或(huo)(huo)者黑色(se)。检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)专(zhuan)用(yong)(yong)章(zhang)加(jia)盖在(zai)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)报告(gao)封面(mian)的机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)名称位(wei)置(zhi)或(huo)(huo)者检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)结(jie)论(lun)位(wei)置(zhi),骑缝位(wei)置(zhi)也应(ying)(ying)加(jia)盖。检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)专(zhuan)用(yong)(yong)章(zhang)应(ying)(ying)表明(ming)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)完整的、准确的名称。检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)在(zai)其出具的各类检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)报告(gao)或(huo)(huo)者证(zheng)书(shu)上均应(ying)(ying)加(jia)盖检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)专(zhuan)用(yong)(yong)章(zhang),用(yong)(yong)以(yi)表明(ming)该检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)报告(gao)或(huo)(huo)者证(zheng)书(shu)由其出具,并由该检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)负(fu)责(ze)。检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)机(ji)(ji)构(gou)(gou)应(ying)(ying)当(dang)建(jian)立检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)专(zhuan)用(yong)(yong)章(zhang)的管(guan)(guan)理(li)制度,并对检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)(ce)专(zhuan)用(yong)(yong)章(zhang)的使用(yong)(yong)进行规(gui)(gui)范(fan)管(guan)(guan)理(li)。


  (二(er))检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机构(gou)(gou)为(wei)科研、教学(xue)、内(nei)部(bu)质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)量控(kong)制等活动出(chu)(chu)具(ju)(ju)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)数(shu)据、结果(guo)时(shi),在资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)认定(ding)证书确(que)定(ding)的(de)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)能力范围(wei)内(nei)的(de),出(chu)(chu)具(ju)(ju)的(de)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)报告或者证书上可以不标(biao)注(zhu)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机构(gou)(gou)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)认定(ding)标(biao)志;在资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)认定(ding)证书确(que)定(ding)的(de)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)能力范围(wei)外的(de),出(chu)(chu)具(ju)(ju)的(de)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)报告或者证书上不得标(biao)注(zhu)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测(ce)(ce)机构(gou)(gou)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)(zhi)(zhi)认定(ding)标(biao)志。


  十、关于检验检测机构资质认定的监督管理(li)


  (一)国(guo)家(jia)认(ren)监(jian)委负(fu)责(ze)制定(ding)(ding)(ding)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机构(gou)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)(ding)(ding)监(jian)督管(guan)理制度,组(zu)织(zhi)对(dui)获得检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机构(gou)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)(ding)(ding)的机构(gou)实施监(jian)督检(jian)(jian)查并负(fu)责(ze)对(dui)省级(ji)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)(ding)(ding)部门(men)实施的检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机构(gou)资(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)(ding)(ding)工作进行监(jian)督和指导。


  国(guo)家(jia)认(ren)(ren)监(jian)(jian)委(wei)在组(zu)织实(shi)施国(guo)家(jia)级检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)(gou)资(zi)(zi)质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)的(de)监(jian)(jian)督检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)时,可以采(cai)取三(san)(san)种方式:一(yi)是委(wei)托行业检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)(gou)资(zi)(zi)质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)评审组(zu),组(zu)织实(shi)施相关行业领(ling)域国(guo)家(jia)级检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)(gou)资(zi)(zi)质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)的(de)监(jian)(jian)督检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha);二是委(wei)托直(zhi)属出入境检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)疫局组(zu)织实(shi)施检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)疫系统检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)(gou)资(zi)(zi)质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)的(de)监(jian)(jian)督检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha);三(san)(san)是直(zhi)接组(zu)织实(shi)施检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)(gou)资(zi)(zi)质认(ren)(ren)定(ding)监(jian)(jian)督检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)。


  (二)省(sheng)级资(zi)质(zhi)认定部门负责所(suo)辖区(qu)域检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质(zhi)认定的监督(du)管理。原则上,省(sheng)级资(zi)质(zhi)认定部门负责对(dui)辖区(qu)内取得省(sheng)级检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质(zhi)认定证书(shu)的机(ji)构(gou)进行(xing)监督(du)检(jian)(jian)(jian)查;需要(yao)时,根据国(guo)家认监委的安排,也可以对(dui)辖区(qu)内取得国(guo)家级检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)资(zi)质(zhi)认定的机(ji)构(gou)进行(xing)监督(du)检(jian)(jian)(jian)查。


  省(sheng)级资质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)(ren)定(ding)部(bu)(bu)门(men)(men)应(ying)当贯彻(che)落(luo)实(shi)国(guo)家(jia)认(ren)(ren)(ren)监(jian)(jian)委(wei)有(you)关监(jian)(jian)督(du)(du)管(guan)理的(de)工作制度和年度监(jian)(jian)督(du)(du)检(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)计(ji)划(hua),并组(zu)织(zhi)实(shi)施。省(sheng)级资质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)(ren)定(ding)部(bu)(bu)门(men)(men)也可以结合本(ben)行政区(qu)域(yu)的(de)监(jian)(jian)管(guan)实(shi)际,制定(ding)适应(ying)本(ben)区(qu)域(yu)情况的(de)细化监(jian)(jian)管(guan)制度或者(zhe)检(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)方案(an),但(dan)不应(ying)与国(guo)家(jia)认(ren)(ren)(ren)监(jian)(jian)委(wei)的(de)总体制度要(yao)求相矛盾,也不应(ying)形成不必要(yao)的(de)重复检(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)。有(you)关细化的(de)地(di)(di)方监(jian)(jian)管(guan)制度和年度检(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)方案(an)应(ying)当在实(shi)施前向国(guo)家(jia)认(ren)(ren)(ren)监(jian)(jian)委(wei)备案(an)。省(sheng)级资质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)(ren)定(ding)部(bu)(bu)门(men)(men)可以直(zhi)接组(zu)织(zhi)实(shi)施,也可以组(zu)织(zhi)地(di)(di)(市)、县级质(zhi)(zhi)量技术监(jian)(jian)督(du)(du)部(bu)(bu)门(men)(men)(市场监(jian)(jian)督(du)(du)管(guan)理部(bu)(bu)门(men)(men))共同(tong)实(shi)施对(dui)辖区(qu)内检(jian)(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构资质(zhi)(zhi)认(ren)(ren)(ren)定(ding)的(de)监(jian)(jian)督(du)(du)检(jian)(jian)(jian)查(cha)(cha)。


  (三(san))地(市)、县级(ji)质(zhi)量(liang)技(ji)术监督部(bu)(bu)门(men)(men)(men)(市场监督管理部(bu)(bu)门(men)(men)(men))根据省(sheng)级(ji)资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)(ding)部(bu)(bu)门(men)(men)(men)的(de)安排,结(jie)(jie)合本行(xing)政区(qu)域(yu)(yu)的(de)实际监管需要(yao),可以(yi)组织(zhi)对所(suo)辖区(qu)域(yu)(yu)内的(de)检验(yan)检测(ce)机构进行(xing)资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)(ding)监督检查(cha),依法查(cha)处违(wei)法行(xing)为(wei),并将查(cha)处结(jie)(jie)果上报(bao)(bao)省(sheng)级(ji)资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)(ding)部(bu)(bu)门(men)(men)(men)。涉及国家认(ren)监委(wei)或(huo)者其(qi)他省(sheng)级(ji)资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)(ding)部(bu)(bu)门(men)(men)(men)的(de),应(ying)及时上报(bao)(bao)省(sheng)级(ji)资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)(ding)部(bu)(bu)门(men)(men)(men),由其(qi)省(sheng)级(ji)资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)(ding)部(bu)(bu)门(men)(men)(men)负责向国家认(ren)监委(wei)报(bao)(bao)告,或(huo)者向其(qi)他省(sheng)级(ji)资(zi)(zi)(zi)质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)(ding)部(bu)(bu)门(men)(men)(men)通报(bao)(bao)。


  十一、关于检(jian)验检(jian)测机构资质认(ren)定分类监(jian)督管理


  (一)根据(ju)风险程度(du)分类监管(guan)


  检(jian)验(yan)检(jian)测(ce)风(feng)险(xian)在不同(tong)区域(yu)(yu)、领域(yu)(yu)或者不同(tong)时期会(hui)有差异,资(zi)质认(ren)定部门(men)应从实(shi)际出发,识(shi)别获得资(zi)质认(ren)定证(zheng)书的(de)检(jian)验(yan)检(jian)测(ce)机构(gou)的(de)业务特(te)点和(he)风(feng)险(xian)点,逐步形成与实(shi)际情(qing)况相适应的(de)风(feng)险(xian)管理机制(zhi)。以下为风(feng)险(xian)程度较(jiao)高领域(yu)(yu):


  1.涉及安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)的领域,例(li)如食品安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)、信息安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)、环(huan)境安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)、建筑安(an)(an)全(quan)(quan)等领域;


  2涉及司法鉴定、质量仲裁(cai)等(deng)领域;


  3.涉(she)及民生(sheng)、公益(yi)和消费者(zhe)利(li)益(yi)的领域(yu),如装饰(shi)装修(xiu)材料检(jian)验、机动车安全(quan)技术检(jian)验等领域(yu)。


  资质认(ren)定部门(men)应对从事上述领(ling)域工(gong)作的检验检测机构重(zhong)点关注。


  (二)根据自(zi)我声明进行监(jian)管(guan)


  鼓励检(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)通过自我声明(ming),对有关质(zhi)量(liang)体系的(de)有效(xiao)运(yun)行(xing)(xing)(xing)、技术能(neng)力的(de)变更、分支机(ji)构(gou)的(de)设立(li)和(he)运(yun)行(xing)(xing)(xing)等(deng)进行(xing)(xing)(xing)自我承诺(nuo),资质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)部门可以先期信任(ren)此类承诺(nuo),减少或者不(bu)进行(xing)(xing)(xing)现(xian)场评(ping)审(shen)。资质(zhi)认(ren)定(ding)部门应对检(jian)(jian)验(yan)(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机(ji)构(gou)自我声明(ming)事(shi)(shi)项进行(xing)(xing)(xing)事(shi)(shi)后核查或者根据举报(bao)进行(xing)(xing)(xing)调查,杜绝虚假自我声明(ming)的(de)行(xing)(xing)(xing)为。


  (三)根据举报投诉进行监(jian)管


  对于(yu)检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测机构违法违规行(xing)(xing)为的(de)(de)举报(bao),资质(zhi)认(ren)定部门经调查核实后,除按照行(xing)(xing)政处(chu)理(li)、处(chu)罚程序进(jin)行(xing)(xing)相应处(chu)置(zhi)外,还应当将涉事检(jian)(jian)验检(jian)(jian)测机构的(de)(de)违法违规行(xing)(xing)为记录入其诚信档案,加(jia)强对其后续(xu)跟踪(zong)和检(jian)(jian)查。


  (四)其他监管方式(shi)


  资质认定(ding)部门(men)还应(ying)通(tong)过检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机构年度(du)报告、“双随机”抽查(cha)、专项(xiang)监(jian)(jian)督(du)检(jian)(jian)查(cha)、能力(li)验(yan)证、统(tong)计(ji)制(zhi)度(du)或(huo)者利用国家(jia)认可(ke)机构的(de)监(jian)(jian)督(du)结果等其他监(jian)(jian)督(du)管理(li)方式,形成全(quan)国互联互通(tong)的(de)监(jian)(jian)督(du)管理(li)模式。资认定(ding)部门(men)应(ying)进一步完(wan)善检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测服务(wu)业统(tong)计(ji)制(zhi)度(du),充(chong)分(fen)利用统(tong)计(ji)制(zhi)度(du)的(de)基本信息(xi),建立(li)检(jian)(jian)验(yan)检(jian)(jian)测机构诚信档案数(shu)据(ju)库,并据(ju)此实施分(fen)类监(jian)(jian)管。


  十(shi)二、关(guan)于检验(yan)检测机构资质(zhi)认定能力验(yan)证的规定


  资质认定(ding)部(bu)门应(ying)有组织(zhi)、有计划、有重点地开展能力验证(zheng)或者比对活(huo)动,应(ying)当积(ji)极(ji)争取财政部(bu)门对能力验证(zheng)活(huo)动的补贴。资质认定(ding)部(bu)门应(ying)科学(xue)规划能力验证(zheng)项目数(shu)量(liang),确(que)保质量(liang),避免(mian)随意(yi)设置能力验证(zheng)项目,增加检(jian)验检(jian)测机构负(fu)担。


  检(jian)验检(jian)测(ce)机构(gou)参加资(zi)质认定部门组织开展的(de)(de)能力(li)(li)验证或者比对活动,经初测(ce)和补(bu)测(ce),能力(li)(li)验证结(jie)果不(bu)满意,技术能力(li)(li)不(bu)能满足(zu)资(zi)质认定要求的(de)(de),检(jian)验检(jian)测(ce)机构(gou)应当及时按(an)照(zhao)资(zi)质认定部门的(de)(de)要求进行整(zheng)改,整(zheng)改后仍不(bu)满足(zu)要求的(de)(de),资(zi)质认定部门应当对其资(zi)质能力(li)(li)范围进行调整(zheng)。


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